July 23, 2024
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US Targets Financial Powerhouses: Brazil and Singapore at the Forefront of Tax Treaty Revamp!


Expanding the US Tax Treaty Network: Why Brazil and Singapore Should Be Priorities

Tax systems vary across countries, often creating challenges for international investments. Tax treaties, however, can mitigate these difficulties by aligning taxation standards and reducing excess tax burdens. The United States must amplify its efforts to expand its treaty network, easing the path for American companies operating globally and attracting more foreign investments.

The Issue of Double Taxation

Without tax treaties, companies may face double taxation—paying taxes on the same income in both their home country and the country where they earn profits. This can significantly reduce returns for shareholders and diminish capital available for reinvestment. Thus, a robust tax treaty network is essential for economic growth and investment fluidity.

US Tax Treaty Network: Current Standing

According to the 2023 International Tax Competitiveness Index, an average tax treaty network includes 74 countries. The United States currently ranks 25th among 38 OECD countries, with 66 treaties. Clearly, there’s room for expansion.

Priority Countries: Brazil and Singapore

A National Foreign Trade Council survey of large multinational companies has identified Brazil and Singapore as top priorities for new tax treaties. Notably, the US lacks formal tax treaties with both these vital economic partners.

Key Negotiation Points

Survey respondents emphasized that negotiations should prioritize:

  • Transfer pricing
  • Permanent establishment rules
  • Royalties

Recent developments in Brazil underscore the importance of these priorities. Brazil has updated its transfer pricing regulations to align with OECD standards, reflecting a significant advancement under a joint OECD-Brazil project initiated in 2018. These updated rules, effective from January 1, 2024, adopt the arm’s length principle, bringing Brazil closer to OECD membership.

The Benefits of Unified Transfer Pricing

Even in the absence of a US-Brazil tax treaty, standardized transfer pricing approaches can alleviate some burdens for businesses. Nonetheless, negotiating a tax treaty with Brazil would streamline operations further, reducing complexities and financial distortions.

Recent Progress: US-Chile Tax Treaty

In 2023, the US successfully enacted a comprehensive income tax treaty with Chile. This treaty diminishes tax barriers on cross-border investments, eliminating double taxation and facilitating smoother business operations between the two nations.

The Private Sector’s Stance

The National Foreign Trade Council’s survey highlights the private sector’s recognition of the economic value that tax treaties bring. These treaties increase tax certainty and reduce financial distortions, fostering a more favorable business environment.

Next Steps for Policy Makers

Recent progress with Brazil and the treaty with Chile demonstrates a positive shift. However, much work remains. The US should focus on replicating these successes with other key partners like Singapore. Reducing barriers to cross-border investment is more critical than ever, especially as global initiatives like the implementation of the global minimum tax pose new challenges.


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